Oxygen is one of the most important elements required to sustain life. Without it, our health begins to suffer and we die. Therefore, Oxygen's importance in the field of healthcare cannot be underestimated. Medical grade oxygen is an odorless, colorless, and tasteless gas and is used:
To provide life support for artificially ventilated patients
As aid resuscitation of asphyxiated newborns
To relief the acute cardiovascular disease
In low concentrations when there are breathing difficulties due to conditions such as chronic obstructive airways disease (COAD/COPD)
In the treatment of acute and severe asthma, sleep apnea (a sleep disorder in which a person has irregular breathing at night and is excessively sleepy during the day). Cluster headaches (attacks of severe, one-sided headaches over several weeks). Shock (a dramatic reduction in blood flow that, if left untreated, can lead to collapse, coma and even death) and in other situations where localized blood supply is poor.
For resuscitation purposes by trained persons, where oxygen supply to the body is reduced due to medical emergency.
When the oxygen capability of the blood is reduced such as in carbon monoxide poisoning or severe anemia (a condition that occurs when there is a reduced number of red blood cells or hemoglobin concentration).
As a carrier gas or as a diluent for anesthetic gases or vapors
When gas is trapped in body spaces such as in pneumothorax (air that is trapped next to a lung resulting in collapse of the lung) or air embolism or other gas disturbances such as decompression sickness (associated with diving)
All cylinders used for the storage of compressed medical oxygen are manufactured from either high-tensile steel or aluminum. The color-coding of the shoulders of compressed medical oxygen cylinders is white
Medical compressed Air is a medicinal gas, supplied in cylinders filled to a high pressure. Medical Air Contains Oxygen 21%, Nitrogen 79% and is used:
As a carrier for some anaesthetic agents.
To power air driven
To provide clean air in ventilators andincubators.
Nitrous oxide N2O
commonly known as laughing gas is a colorless, odorless non-flammablegas, with a slightly sweet taste, and it is usedin surgery and dentistry for its anaesthetic and analgesic effects. Nitrous oxide (N2O) on its own can be usedsafely for only short period(because the lack of oxygen in pure N2O can lead to unconsciousness and even death). Hence, the “laughing gas” used now is called MEDICAL GASES OUR PRODUCTS 13 N2O-O2, and contains at least 30% oxygen (that’s all the machines used nowadays will permit). Usually, the mix is about 70% oxygen to 30% nitrous oxide. Nitrous oxide, sometimes called “laughing gas,” is one option your dentist may offer to help make you more comfortable during certain procedures. It is not intended to put you to sleep. You will be able to hear and respond to any requests or directions the dentist may have.